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English 102
Unit 3: Annotated Bibliography & Literature Review  
Spring 2012

Annotated Bibliography                                                                                                                      

  1. Read and annotate the 10-12 articles that are narrowly focused on your topic.
  2. Create a works cited / bibliographic entry for all articles based on either APA / MLA style.
  3. Start each entry with the bibliographic citation (follow APA / MLA format from your style handbooks, Chapter 20 in Everything’s an Argument or use the Purdue OWL website).
  4. Entries that are longer than a single line are reverse-indented (first line is flush, subsequent lines are indented).
  5. Skip a line then write descriptive and informative summaries of the article.
  6. Include at least 2-3 significant quotes per entry.  Quotes should be key to the argument; don't just pick any random quote. Cite quotes.
  7. State where articles overlap or conflict in terms of key ideas.
  8. Talk about how you might use this source in your larger report.
  9. List entries in alphabetical order by author's last name
  10. Entries are single-spaced with a space between entries.
  11. See MLA formatted sample on next page.

Literature Review:   The literature review is a critical look at the existing research that is significant to the work that you are carrying out.   It is not just a summary of relevant research.  It is important that you evaluate this work and put it into dialogue – how do the articles speak to and against one another?  How do they support / refute your own position?  Show how it relates to your work

Here are some of the questions your literature review should answer:

1.      What do we already know in the immediate area concerned?

2.      What are the characteristics of the key concepts or the main factors or variables?

3.      What are the relationships between these key concepts, factors or variables?

4.      What are the existing theories?

5.      Where are the inconsistencies or other shortcomings in our knowledge and understanding?

6.      What views need to be (further) tested?

7.      What evidence is lacking, inconclusive, contradictory or too limited?

8.      Why study (further) the research problem?

9.      What contribution can the present study be expected to make?

10.  What research designs or methods seem unsatisfactory? 

Your literature review will be 5 pages long.  Follow in-text citation format consistently (APA or MLA for both Unit 3 and Unit 4).

Sachiko Smith
English 101 - 09
                                                                   Annotated Bibliography

Ulmer, William A. "Christabel and the Origin of Evil." Studies in Philology 104.3, 2007: (376-407). Web.
            29 Sept. 2011

            "Christabel and the Origin of Evil" by William Ulmer focuses on the Geraldine’s role as a
            physical embodiment of evil in Coleridge’s poem “Christabel.”  Ulmer contends that one of the
            reasons it is unfinished is because “the poem can imagine moral corruption but not moral
            redemption” (406).  You should start each entry with the article title and author followed by a
            short description of the article's main idea (or thesis).  The first sentence should contain the most
            basic information you would need for introducing your article in the body of your paper.  It might
            feel repetitive to put the title right after the citation, but I want you to practice the form for your
            papers in here.  In a "true" annotated bibliography, that first sentence would be
            unnecessary.  Follow that descriptive summary (the single sentence) with a longer informative
            summary.  Include one or two key quotes, either in the summary section or in the rhetoric section.
            Again, you're laying the foundation for your paper: by including key quotes now - as you read -
             you won't have to re-read and re-search the entire article (or all 10-12 articles again) when it's
            time to write paper 4 (days or weeks from now).  For this assignment, conclude by identifying
            overlapping or contrasting themes that emerge between articles and stating how you might use
            this source for your own argument.

Grading Criteria:

This assignment is worth 25% (250 points) of your overall semester grade.
150 points   = annotated bibliography (format and quality will also be considered in assessment)
A = 12-10 entries B = 10-9 entries C = 8-7 entries D = 6 entries F = 6-5 entries
100 points  = literature review (organization, intro/conclusion, incorporation of quotes, etc. will also be considered in assessment)


Lit. Review Rubric






Grouping of Ideas

displays a sophisticated sense of grouping (by idea rather than author).

demonstrates a strong sense of grouping (by idea rather than by author). 

demonstrates some sense of grouping (by idea rather than by author), but it likely includes lapses in this organizational pattern at the level of general ideas. 

groups material by author rather than by general topic; as a result, it does not evidence a synthesis of the material.

fails to group material in any logical manner.

Evidence & Support

demonstrates an ability to effectively employ the source material, and it is characterized by the sophisticated integration and judicious deployment of quotes, paraphrases, and summaries

regularly supports specific points with adequate evidence from sources; the paper is characterized by a clear and accurate use of quotes, paraphrases, and summaries

does not sufficiently support all of its specific claims and/or uses evidence that is weakly connected;  uses quotes, paraphrases, and summaries;  though mechanically accurate, is especially clunky.

may display some understanding of using source material, but the use of quotes, paraphrases, and summaries is ineffective; lacking  sufficient context and/or relies on overly-succinct summaries, which amount to little more than lists.

does not support its claims with evidence.  The paper seldom employs quotes, paraphrases, or summaries, if at all.