Exposition: The exposition describes the mood and conditions existing at the beginning of the play. The time and place will be identified as well as the main characters and their positions, circumstances, and relationships to one another.
force: Also sometimes called the complication
or initial incident, the exciting force is what “gets things going.”
The exciting force thus begins the conflict which will continue in the
action: The series of events which lead up to
the climax of the play comprise the rising action. These events provide a
progressive intensity of interest for the audience. The rising action will
involve more than one act.
The climax represents the turning point in the play. From this
point on, the Shakespearean hero moves to his inevitable end.
action: The falling action includes those events occurring
from the time of the climax up to the hero’s death.
The episodes will show both advances and declines in the various
forces acting upon the hero. Like the rising action, the falling action
will involve events in more than one act.
catastrophe: The catastrophe concerns the necessary consequences of the hero’s
previous actions which must be the hero’s death. The catastrophe will
characteristically be simple and brief.